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ChromeMate Rink

ChromeMate® Physiol Genomics. 2006 Nov 27;27(3):370-9. Epub 2006 Aug 29. Transcriptome of the subcutaneous adipose tissue in response to oral supplementation of type 2 Leprdb obese diabetic mice with niacin-bound chromium. Rink C1, Roy S, Khanna S, Rink T, Bagchi D, Sen CK. Abstract The effects of oral niacin-bound chromium (NBC) supplementation on the subcutaneous fat tissue of type 2 Lepr(db) obese diabetic mice were examined using high-density comprehensive mouse genome (45,101 probe sets) expression arrays. The influence of such supplementation on the plasma cardiovascular risk factors of these mice was also investigated. Supplementation of NBC had no significant effect on age-dependent weight gain in the Lepr(db) obese diabetic mice. However, NBC lowered total cholesterol (TC), TC-to-HDL ratio, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels while increasing HDL cholesterol in the blood plasma. No effect of NBC supplementation was observed on fasting blood glucose levels. Oral glucose tolerance test revealed a significantly improved clearance of blood glucose between 1 and 2 h of glucose challenge in NBC-supplemented mice. Unbiased genome-wide interrogation demonstrated that NBC resulted in the upregulation of muscle-specific gene expression in the fat tissue. Genes encoding proteins involved in glycolysis, muscle contraction, muscle metabolism, and muscle development were specifically upregulated […] Read More

ChromeMate Talpur

ChromeMate® Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Oct;252(1-2):369-77. Effects of niacin-bound chromium, Maitake mushroom fraction SX and (-)-hydroxycitric acid on the metabolic syndrome in aged diabetic Zucker fatty rats. Talpur N1, Echard BW, Yasmin T, Bagchi D, Preuss HG. Abstract Previous studies in our laboratories have demonstrated that niacin-bound chromium (NBC), Maitake mushroom and (-)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA-SX) can ameliorate hypertension, dyslipidemias and diabetes mellitus, and therefore may be useful in weight management. In the present study, we used aged, diabetic Zucker fatty rats (ZFR) (70-75 weeks) in order to determine whether NBC, fraction SX of Maitake mushroom (MSX) and 60% (-)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA-SX) from Garcinia cambogia, alone or in combination, can affect certain aspects of the metabolic syndrome. Syndrome X or metabolic syndrome has been described as a concurrence of disturbed glucose and insulin metabolism, overweight and abdominal fat distribution, mild dyslipidemia, and hypertension, which are associated with subsequent development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Four groups of eight ZFR were gavaged daily with different supplements. For the initial three weeks, the control group of ZFR received only water, the second group received NBC 40 mcg elemental chromium/day, the third group received MSX 100 mg/day and the last group […] Read More

ChromeMate Vinson

ChromeMate® Mol Cell Biochem. 2002 Nov;240(1-2):99-103. Beneficial effects of a novel IH636 grape seed proanthocyanidin extract and a niacin-bound chromium in a hamster atherosclerosis model. Vinson JA1, Mandarano MA, Shuta DL, Bagchi M, Bagchi D. Abstract Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arteries in which fatty plaques develop on the inner arterial wall, which eventually obstructs blood flow. Identified risk factors for atherosclerosis include genetics, diet, lifestyle, smoking, circulating lipid and cholesterol levels, and molecular and circulating signals of chronic vascular inflammation. The link between flavonoids and atherosclerosis is based partly on the evidence that some flavonoids possess antioxidant properties and have been shown to be potent inhibitors of LDL oxidation in vitro. Hypercholesterolemia, a significant cardiovascular risk factor is prevalent in the American population. Grape seed proanthocyanidin extracts are known to exhibit a broad spectrum of chemopreventive and cardioprotective properties against oxidative stress. A recent study has shown that a combination of IH636 grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) and a niacin-bound chromium (NBC) can decrease total cholesterol, LDL and oxidized LDL levels in hypercholesterolemic human subjects. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of GSPE supplementation in hamsters, singly and in combination with NBC, since these animals have a […] Read More

OptiBerry Atalay

OptiBerry® FEBS Lett. 2003 Jun 5;544(1-3):252-7. Anti-angiogenic property of edible berry in a model of hemangioma. Atalay M1, Gordillo G, Roy S, Rovin B, Bagchi D, Bagchi M, Sen CK. Abstract Hemangiomas represent a powerful model to study in vivo angiogenesis. Monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) is known to be responsible for recruiting macrophages to sites of infection or inflammation and facilitate angiogenesis. Recently we have demonstrated that edible berry extracts potently suppress inducible vascular endothelial growth factor expression and in vitro angiogenesis. Comparative analysis of several berry extracts led to the observation that wild blueberry and a berry mix were most effective. Our goal was to follow up on our findings with wild blueberry and the berry mix (OptiBerry). The present work rests on our current finding that these two berry powders significantly inhibit inducible MCP-1 expression in endothelioma cells. Therefore, we sought to examine the effects of wild blueberry and berry mix in an in vivo model of experimental angiogenesis. Reporter studies showed that the berry powders significantly inhibited basal MCP-1 transcription and inducible nuclear factor kappaB transcription. Endothelioma cells pre-treated with berry powders showed diminished ability to form hemangioma. Histological analysis demonstrated markedly decreased infiltration of macrophages […] Read More

OptiBerry Chatterjee

OptiBerry® Mol Cell Biochem. 2004 Oct;265(1-2):19-26 Inhibition of Helicobacter pylori in vitro by various berry extracts, with enhanced susceptibility to clarithromycin. Chatterjee A1, Yasmin T, Bagchi D, Stohs SJ. Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of various berry extracts, with and without clarithromycin on Helicobacter pylori. Resistance to clarithromycin by H. pylori has been reported, leading to interest in alternatives/adjuncts to therapy with clarithromycin. H. pylori American type culture collection (ATCC) strain 49503 was grown, cell suspensions were made in PBS and diluted 10-fold. One hundred microL of the suspension was then incubated for 18 h with extracts of raspberry, strawberry, cranberry, elderberry, blueberry, bilberry, and OptiBerry, a blend of the six berries, at 0.25-1% concentrations. Serially diluted cell suspensions were exposed for 1 h to clarithromycin at 15 microg/ml. Ten microl of bacterial samples from the 10(-7) dilution tube were plated and incubated for 18 h and the number of colonies were counted. Growth of H. pylori was confirmed by the CLO test. All berry extracts significantly (p < 0.05) inhibited H. pylori, compared with controls, and also increased susceptibility of H. pylori to clarithromycin, with OptiBerry demonstrating maximal effects. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15543930 Read More

OptiBerry Roy

OptiBerry® Free Radic Res. 2002 Sep;36(9):1023-31. Anti-angiogenic property of edible berries. Roy S1, Khanna S, Alessio HM, Vider J, Bagchi D, Bagchi M, Sen CK. Abstract Recent studies show that edible berries may have potent chemopreventive properties. Anti-angiogenic approaches to prevent and treat cancer represent a priority area in investigative tumor biology. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a crucial role for the vascularization of tumors. The vasculature in adult skin remains normally quiescent. However, skin retains the capacity for brisk initiation of angiogenesis during inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis and skin cancers. We sought to test the effects of multiple berry extracts on inducible VEGF expression by human HaCaT keratinocytes. Six berry extracts (wild blueberry, bilberry, cranberry, elderberry, raspberry seed, and strawberry) and a grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) were studied. The extracts and uptake of their constituents by HaCaT were studied using a multi-channel HPLC-CoulArray approach. Antioxidant activity of the extracts was determined by ORAC. Cranberry, elderberry and raspberry seed samples were observed to possess comparable ORAC values. The antioxidant capacity of these samples was significantly lower than that of the other samples studied. The ORAC values of strawberry powder and GSPE were higher than cranberry, elderberry […] Read More

OptiZinc Baqchi 1997

OptiZinc® Gen Pharmacol. 1997 Jan;28(1):85-91. Comparative in vitro oxygen radical scavenging ability of zinc methionine and selected zinc salts and antioxidants. Bagchi D1, Bagchi M, Stohs SJ. Abstract 1. The concentration-dependent scavenging abilities of zinc DL-methionine, zinc sulfate, zinc gluconate, zinc picolinate and selected free radical scavengers, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, mannitol, allopurinol and DL-methionine, were examined against biochemically generated superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical and hypochlorite radical plus hypochlorous acid, by chemiluminescence and cytochrome c reduction. 2. Zinc methionine was the most effective of the zinc compounds that were tested. Following incubations with superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical, and hypochlorite radical-generating systems, in the presence of 50 microM zinc DL-methionine approximately 38%, 47% and 28% inhibition in reactive oxygen species generation was observed, respectively, compared to control groups. 3. The protective abilities of various zinc salts, as well as selected free radical scavengers and antioxidants were also assessed on phorbol ester (TPA)-induced lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release from cultured PC-12 cells. Preincubation showed better protection than coincubation. Approximately 45% and 50% inhibition in TPA-induced LDH leakage was observed following preincubation with 50 microM zinc DL-methionine and 50 microM vitamin E succinate, respectively. Zinc DL-methionine exhibited better protection against LDH leakage than […] Read More

OptiZinc Baqchi 1998

OptiZinc® Gen Pharmacol. 1998 Jan;30(1):43-50. Protective effects of zinc salts on TPA-induced hepatic and brain lipid peroxidation, glutathione depletion, DNA damage and peritoneal macrophage activation in mice. Bagchi D1, Vuchetich PJ, Bagchi M, Tran MX, Krohn RL, Ray SD, Stohs SJ. Abstract 1. The comparative protective abilities of zinc L-methionine, zinc DL-methionine, zinc sulfate, zinc gluconate, L-methionine, DL-methionine, and vitamin E succinate (VES) on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced lipid peroxidation, DNA fragmentation, and glutathione depletion in the hepatic and brain tissues, and production of reactive oxygen species by peritoneal macrophages were assessed. In addition, mice were fed a zinc-deficient diet for 5 weeks, and treated with TPA and/or zinc L-methionine or zinc DL-methionine, and similar studies were conducted. 2. The zinc-deficient diet induced oxidative stress in the hepatic and brain tissues as well as in the peritoneal macrophages as evidenced by significantly enhanced lipid peroxidation. DNA fragmentation, glutathione depletion, and production of reactive oxygen species. 3. Treatment of mice with zinc L-methionine, zinc DL-methionine, and VES decreased TPA-induced reactive oxygen species production as evidenced by significant decreases in chemiluminescence in peritoneal macrophages by approximately 45%, 31%, and 47%, respectively, and cytochrome c reduction by approximately 54%, 35%, and 41%, respectively, as compared […] Read More

OptiZinc Chien

OptiZinc® Biofactors. 2006;27(1-4):231-44. Bioavailability, antioxidant and immune-enhancing properties of zinc methionine. Chien XX1, Zafra-Stone S, Bagchi M, Bagchi D. Abstract Although a large number of transition metals and cations remarkably induce oxidative deterioration of biological macromolecules including lipids, proteins and DNA, the trace element zinc acts as a novel dietary supplement and an essential micronutrient, and serves a wide range of biological functions in human and animal health. Zinc promotes antioxidant and immune functions, stabilizes and maintains the structural integrity of biological membranes, and plays a pivotal role in skin and connective tissue metabolism and repair. Zinc is an integral constituent of a large number of enzymes including antioxidant enzymes, and hormones including glucagon, insulin, growth hormone, and sex hormones. High concentrations of zinc are found in the prostate gland and choroids of the eye. Zinc deficiency leads to biochemical abnormalities including the impairments of growth, dermal, gastrointestinal, neurologic and immunologic systems. Given its superior bioavailability, antioxidant and immune-enhancing properties, zinc methionine may serve as a novel dietary supplement to promote health benefits in humans and animals. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17012778 Read More

Protykin Chatterjee 2003

Protykin® Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Jan;243(1-2):29-35. The bactericidal effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus, garcinol and Protykin compared to clarithromycin, on Helicobacter pylori. Chatterjee A1, Yasmin T, Bagchi D, Stohs SJ. Abstract Chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori causes peptic ulcers, gastric cancer and lymphoma. We evaluated the inhibitory effects of the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus DDS-1J, the antibiotic clarithromycin and the natural antioxidants garcinol and Protykin (containing 50% trans-resveratrol) on Helicobacter pylori strain ATCC 49503. The findings of this study indicate that Lactobacillus acidophilus DDS-1J exerts a growth inhibitory effect on H. pylori at a ratio of 1:1 or higher in vitro. In the case of clarithromycin, garcinol and resveratrol, the bactericidal effect is time and concentration dependent. Clarithromycin completely inhibited growth at > or = 62.5 microg/ml at 6 h and at > or = 31.5 microg/ml at 12 h. For garcinol the highest concentration needed for complete inhibition was 31.5 microg/ml at 6 h and 3.9 microg/ml after 12 h incubation. For resveratrol, significant inhibition was noted at 1000 microg/ml at 12 h only. The bactericidal effect of garcinol was reduced by the addition of resveratrol at all concentrations < or = 125 microg/ml at 6 and 12 h. We conclude […] Read More