Gen Pharmacol. 1997 Jan;28(1):85-91.
Comparative in vitro oxygen radical scavenging ability of zinc methionine and selected zinc salts and antioxidants.
Bagchi D1, Bagchi M, Stohs SJ.
1. The concentration-dependent scavenging abilities of zinc DL-methionine, zinc sulfate, zinc gluconate, zinc picolinate and selected free radical scavengers, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, mannitol, allopurinol and DL-methionine, were examined against biochemically generated superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical and hypochlorite radical plus hypochlorous acid, by chemiluminescence and cytochrome c reduction. 2. Zinc methionine was the most effective of the zinc compounds that were tested. Following incubations with superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical, and hypochlorite radical-generating systems, in the presence of 50 microM zinc DL-methionine approximately 38%, 47% and 28% inhibition in reactive oxygen species generation was observed, respectively, compared to control groups. 3. The protective abilities of various zinc salts, as well as selected free radical scavengers and antioxidants were also assessed on phorbol ester (TPA)-induced lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release from cultured PC-12 cells. Preincubation showed better protection than coincubation. Approximately 45% and 50% inhibition in TPA-induced LDH leakage was observed following preincubation with 50 microM zinc DL-methionine and 50 microM vitamin E succinate, respectively. Zinc DL-methionine exhibited better protection against LDH leakage than any other zinc salt tested. 4. The results indicate that zinc DL-methionine can attenuate the biochemical consequences of oxygen free radicals, and is comparable to other well-known antioxidants and free radical scavengers in the in vitro system that was employed.
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