Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Jan;243(1-2):29-35.
The bactericidal effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus, garcinol and Protykin compared to clarithromycin, on Helicobacter pylori.
Chatterjee A1, Yasmin T, Bagchi D, Stohs SJ.
Chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori causes peptic ulcers, gastric cancer and lymphoma. We evaluated the inhibitory effects of the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus DDS-1J, the antibiotic clarithromycin and the natural antioxidants garcinol and Protykin (containing 50% trans-resveratrol) on Helicobacter pylori strain ATCC 49503. The findings of this study indicate that Lactobacillus acidophilus DDS-1J exerts a growth inhibitory effect on H. pylori at a ratio of 1:1 or higher in vitro. In the case of clarithromycin, garcinol and resveratrol, the bactericidal effect is time and concentration dependent. Clarithromycin completely inhibited growth at > or = 62.5 microg/ml at 6 h and at > or = 31.5 microg/ml at 12 h. For garcinol the highest concentration needed for complete inhibition was 31.5 microg/ml at 6 h and 3.9 microg/ml after 12 h incubation. For resveratrol, significant inhibition was noted at 1000 microg/ml at 12 h only. The bactericidal effect of garcinol was reduced by the addition of resveratrol at all concentrations < or = 125 microg/ml at 6 and 12 h. We conclude from this study that Lactobacillus acidophilus DDS-1J inhibits H. pylori at 1:1 and higher ratios. Also, between the two antioxidants, garcinol is much more potent than resveratrol as a bactericidal agent against H. pylori, and that resveratrol may antagonize this effect. Finally, our study showed equivalent or better bactericidal activity of garcinol compared to clarithromycin against H. pylori at 6 and 12 h incubation, indicating a potential role for this antioxidant in treatment for H. pylori infection. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12619886
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